Iran UNESCO Sites Tour – Day 1
Arrive in Tehran, meet & greed in the IKA international airport. Transfer to hotel. Stay overnight in Tehran and make ready for incredible Iran UNESCO Sites Tour.
Iran UNESCO Sites Tour – Day 2
Visit Golestan palace, literally the Roseland Palace, is the former royal Qajar complex in Iran’s capital city, Tehran.
The oldest of the historic monuments in Tehran, and of world heritage status, the Golestan Palace belongs to a group of royal buildings that were once enclosed within the mud-thatched walls of Tehran’s Historic Arg (citadel). Lunch in Tehran. Drive to Qazvin (155 kilo meters). Stay overnight at Qazvin.
Iran UNESCO Sites Tour – Day 3
Drive to Zanjan (177 kilo meters ). In the rout, visit Soltanieh dome which is one of the largest brick domes in the world, just at the theoretical engineering limit for a brick dome and the third largest dome in the world after the domes of Florence Cathedral and Hagia Sophia. Continue to Dashkasan which is a three cave complex located south-east of Soltaniyeh. Outside the caves there is a temple called Dragon Stone of DashKasan Caves which was built by order of Mongol king Öljaitü in the early fourteenth century. The temple was built by four Chinese craftsmen. The architecture of DashKasan caves looks like an incomplete rectangle. Arrive at Zanjan. Stay overnight.
Iran UNESCO Sites Tour – Day 4
Drive to Ardebil (264 kilo meters). Arrive, visit Sheikh Safi al-Din Khānegāh and Shrine Ensemble .In 2010, it was registered on the UNESCO World Heritage List.Stay overnight at Ardebil.
Iran UNESCO Sites Tour – Day 5
Drive to Tabriz (240 kilo meters). Visit Tabriz Bazaar which is a historical market situated in the city center of Tabriz, Iran. It is one of the oldest bazaars in the Middle East and the largest covered bazaar in the world and is one of Iran’s UNESCO World Heritage Sites.Visit also Blue Mosque which were constructed in 1465 upon the order of Jahan Shah, the ruler of Kara Koyunlu, Maqbaratoshoara
which is belongs to poets, mystics and famous people, located in the Surkhab district of Tabriz in Iran.
Iran UNESCO Sites Tour – Day 6
Drive to The St. Stepanos Monastery or Monastery of St. Stephen the Protomartyr(150 kilo meters) which is an Armenian monastery about 15 km northwest of Jolfa city, East Azarbaijan Province northwest Iran. It is situated in a deep canyon along the Arax river on the Iranian side of the border between Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic and Iran. It was built in the 9th century and rebuilt in the Safavid era after several earthquakes damaged it.It is one of the that UNESCO World Heritage churches in Iran. Stay overnight at Tabriz.
Iran UNESCO Sites Tour – Day 7
Drive to Takhte soleyman (298 kilo meters) literally “the Fire of the Warrior Kings”, is an archaeological site in West Azarbaijan, Iran.
The originally fortified site, which is located on a volcano crater rim, was recognized as a World Heritage Site in July 2003. The citadel includes the remains of a Zoroastrianfire temple built during the Sassanid period and partially rebuilt during the Ilkhanid period. This site got this Semitic name after the Arab conquest. This temple housed one of the three “Great Fires” or “Royal Fires” that Sassanid rulers humbled themselves before in order to ascend the throne. The fire at Takht-i Soleiman was called ādurWishnāsp and was dedicated to the arteshtar or warrior class of the Sasanid.
Continue to Sanandaj (185 kilo meters), Stay overnight.
Iran UNESCO Sites Tour – Day 8
Drive to Bisotun historical complex (163 kilo meters) and visit The Behistun Inscription is a multi-lingual inscription located on Mount Behistun in the Kermanshah Province of Iran, near the city of Kermanshah in western Iran. It was crucial to the decipherment of cuneiform script.
Authored by Darius the Great sometime between his coronation as king of the Persian Empire in the summer of 522 BC and his death in autumn of 486 BC, the inscription begins with a brief autobiography of Darius, including his ancestry and lineage. Later in the inscription, Darius provides a lengthy Drive to sequence of events following the deaths of Cyrus the Great and Cambyses II in which he fought nineteen battles in a period of one year (ending in December 521 BC) to put down multiple rebellions throughout the Persian Empire. The inscription states in detail that the rebellions, which had resulted from the deaths of Cyrus the Great and his son Cambyses II, were orchestrated by several impostors and their co-conspirators in various cities throughout the empire, each of whom falsely proclaimed kinghood during the upheaval following Cyrus’s death.
The site became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2006. Stay overnight at Kermanshah.
Iran UNESCO Sites Tour – Day 9
Drive to Khuzestan, Arrive at Shush (Susa) historical area (369 kilo meters). Visit French castle, Daniel the massager mosque and stay overnight.
Iran UNESCO Sites Tour – Day 10
Drive to ChoghaZanbil (40 kilo meters), the first Iranian site to be inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
It was built about 1250 BC by the king Untash-Napirisha, mainly to honor the great god Inshushinak. Its original name was Dur Untash, which means ‘town of Untash’, but it is unlikely that many people, besides priests and servants, ever lived there. The complex is protected by three concentric walls which define the main areas of the ‘town’. The inner area is wholly taken up with a great ziggurat dedicated to the main god, which was built over an earlier square temple with storage rooms also built by Untash-NapirishaThe middle area holds eleven temples for lesser gods. It is believed that twenty-two temples were originally planned, but the king died before they could be finished, and his successors discontinued the building work. In the outer area are royal palaces, a funerary palace containing five subterranean royal tombs.
Drive to Shushtar (45 kilo meters) and visit Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System, is an island city from the Sassanid era with a complex irrigation system. Located in Iran’s Khuzestan Province. It was registered on UNESCO’s list of World Heritage Sites in 2009 and is Iran’s 10th cultural heritage site to be registered on the United Nations’ list.
Shushtar infrastructure included water mills, dams, tunnels, and canals. GarGar weir was built on the watermills and waterfalls. Bolayti canal is situated on the eastern side of the water mills and water falls and the functions to supply water from behind the GarGar bridge to the east side of water mills and the channel the water of river in order to prevent the damage to the water mills. Dahaneyeshahr tunnel (city orifice) is one of the three main tunnels which channeled the water from behind the GarGar weir into the water mill and then run several water mills. Sehkoreh canal channels the water from behind the GarGarbridge into the western side. In water mills and water falls, there are noticeable mills we can see a perfect model of haltering to run mills.
The site has been referred to as “a masterpiece of creative genius” by UNESCO.
Iran UNESCO Sites Tour – Day 11
Drive to Shiraz (571 kilo meters). Arrive at Shiraz. Stay overnight.
Iran UNESCO Sites Tour – Day 12
In the morning, visit Eram Garden which is a historic Persian garden in Shiraz, Iran. The garden, and the building within it, are located at the northern shore of the Khoshk River in the Fars province.
Today, Eram Garden and building are within Shiraz Botanical Garden (established 1983) of Shiraz University. They are open to the public as a historic landscape garden. They are World Heritage Site, and protected by Iran’s Cultural Heritage Organization.
Drive to Persepolis literally meaning “city of Persians”,was the ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid Empire (ca. 550–330 BCE). Persepolis is situated 60 km northeast of city of Shiraz in Fars Province in Iran. The earliest remains of Persepolis date back to 515 BCE. It exemplifies the Achaemenid style of architecture. UNESCO declared the ruins of Persepolis a World Heritage Site in 1979.
The Gate of all Nations, referring to subjects of the empire, consisted of a grand hall that was a square of approximately 25 metres (82 ft) in length, with four columns and its entrance on the Western Wall. There were two more doors, one to the south which opened to the Apadana yard and the other opened onto a long road to the east. Pivoting devices found on the inner corners of all the doors indicate that they were two-leafed doors, probably made of wood and covered with sheets of ornate metal.
A pair of Lamassus, bulls with the heads of bearded men, stand by the western threshold. Another pair, with wings and a Persian head (Gopät-Shäh), stands by the eastern entrance, to reflect the Empire’s power.
Xerxes’s name was written in three languages and carved on the entrances, informing everyone that he ordered it to be built.
Continue to Pasargadae (from Ancient Greek: Πασαργάδαι from Persian: Pāsārgād) was the capital of the Achaemenid Empire under Cyrus the Great who had issued its construction (559–530 BC); it was also the location of his tomb. It was a city in ancient Persia, located near the city of Shiraz (in Pasargad County), and is today an archaeological site and one of Iran’s UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Cyrus the Great began building the capital in 546 BC or later; it was unfinished when he died in battle, in 530 or 529 BC. The remains of the tomb of Cyrus’ son and successor Cambyses II have been found in Pasargadae, near the fortress of Toll-e Takht, and identified in 2006.
Pasargadae remained the capital of the Achaemenid empire until Cambyses II moved it to Susa; later, Darius founded another in Persepolis. The archaeological site covers 1.6 square kilo metres and includes a structure commonly believed to be the mausoleum of Cyrus, the fortress of Toll-e Takht sitting on top of a nearby hill, and the remains of two royal palaces and gardens. Pasargadae Persian Gardens provide the earliest known example of the Persian chaharbagh, or fourfold garden design (Persian Gardens).
Recent research on Pasargadae’s structural engineering has shown that Achaemenid engineers built the city to withstand a severe earthquake, what would today be classified as 7.0 on the Richter magnitude scale.
Stay overnight at Shiraz.
Iran UNESCO Sites Tour – Day 13
Drive to Kerman (568 kilo meters.In the rout, Visit Meymand which is a village in Meymand Rural District, in the Central District of Shahr-e Babak County, Kerman Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 673, in 181 families.
Meymand is a very ancient village which is located near Shahr-e Babak city in Kerman Province, Iran. Meymand is believed to be a primary human residence in the Iranian Plateau, dating back to 12,000 years ago. Many of the residents live in the 350 hand-dug houses amid the rocks, some of which have been inhabited for as long as 3,000 years. Stone engravings nearly 10,000 years old are found around the village, and deposits of pottery nearly 6,000 years old attest to the long history of settlement at the village site.
In 4 July 2015, the village was added to the UNESCO World Heritage Sites list
Stay overnight at Kerman.
Iran UNESCO Sites Tour – Day 14
Drive to Bam (190 kilo meters) in the rout, visit Shahzade Garden which is one of the iranian world heritage sites which means meaning Prince’s Garden is a historical Persian garden located near (6km away from) Mahan in Kerman province, Iran.
The garden is 5.5 hectares with a rectangular shape and a wall around it. It consists of an entrance structure and gate at the lower end and a two-floor residential structure at the upper end. The distance between these two is ornamented with water fountains that are engined by the natural incline of the land. The garden is a fine example of Persian gardens that take advantage of suitable natural climate.
The garden was built originally for Mohammad Hasan Khan QajarSardariIravani ca.1850 and was extended ca.1870 by AbdolhamidMirzaNaserodollehand during the eleven years of his governorship in the Qajar dynasty. The construction was left unfinished, due to the death of Abdolhamid Mirza in the early 1890s.
Continue to Bam The Arg-e Bam which was the largest adobe building in the world, located in Bam, a city in the Kermān Province of southeastern Iran. It is listed by UNESCO as part of the World Heritage Site “Bam and its Cultural Landscape”. The origin of this enormous citadel on the Silk Road can be traced back to the Achaemenid period (6th to 4th centuries BC) and even beyond. The heyday of the citadel was from the 7th to 11th centuries, being at the crossroads of important trade routes and known for the production of silk and cotton garments.
The entire building was a large fortress in whose heart the citadel itself was located, but because of the impressive look of the citadel, which forms the highest point, the entire fortress is named the Bam Citadel.
On December 26, 2003, the Citadel was almost completely destroyed by an earthquake, along with much of the rest of Bam and its environs.
Iran UNESCO Sites Tour – Day 15
Drive to Yazd (364 kilo meters). Visit Dolatabad Garden one of the Iranian world heritage sites. Stay overnight at Yazd.
Iran UNESCO Sites Tour – Day 16
Drive to Isfahan (321 kilo meters). Transfer to hotel. Visit Sio-se pol &n Khajou historical bridges. Stay overnight.
Iran UNESCO Sites Tour – Day 17
Visit Naqsh-e Jahan Square formerly known as Shah Square, is a square situated at the center of Isfahan city, Iran. Constructed between 1598 and 1629, it is now an important historical site, and one of UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites. It is 160 metres (520 ft) wide by 560 metres (1,840 ft) long (an area of 89,600 square metres (964,000 sq ft)). The square is surrounded by buildings from the Safavid era. The Shah Mosque is situated on the south side of this square. On the west side is the Ali Qapu Palace. Sheikh Lotf Allah Mosque is situated on the eastern side of this square and at the northern side Keisaria gate opens into the Isfahan Grand Bazaar. Today, Namaaz-e Jom’eh (the Muslim Friday prayer) is held in the Shah Mosque.
And The Jāmeh Mosque of Isfahān or Jāme’ Mosque of Isfahān is the grand, congregational mosque (Jāmeh) of Isfahān city, within Isfahān Province, Iran. The mosque is the result of continual construction, reconstruction, additions and renovations on the site from around 771 to the end of the 20th century. The Grand Bazaar of Isfahan can be found towards the southwest wing of the mosque. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2012.
Iran UNESCO Sites Tour – Day 18
Visit ChehelSotoon which is a pavilion in the middle of a park at the far end of a long pool, in Isfahan, Iran, built by Shah Abbas II to be used for his entertainment and receptions. In this palace, Shah Abbas II and his successors would receive dignitaries and ambassadors, either on the terrace or in one of the stately reception halls.
The name, meaning “Forty Columns” in Persian, was inspired by the twenty slender wooden columns supporting the entrance pavilion, which, when reflected in the waters of the fountain, are said to appear to be forty.
As with Ali Qapu, the palace contains many frescoes and paintings on ceramic. Many of the ceramic panels have been dispersed and are now in the possession of major museums in the west. They depict specific historical scenes such as the infamous Battle of Chaldiran against the Ottoman Sultan Selim I, the reception of an Uzbek King in 1646, when the palace had just been completed; the welcome extended to the Mughal Emperor, Humayun who took refuge in Iran in 1544; the battle of Taher-Abad in 1510 where the Safavid Shah Ismail I vanquished and killed the Uzbek King. A more recent painting depicts Nader Shah’s victory against the Indian Army at Karnal in 1739. There are also less historical, but even more aesthetic compositions in the traditional miniature style which celebrate the joy of life and love.
The ChehelSotoun Palace is among the 9 Iranian Gardens which are collectively registered as one of the Iran’s 17 registered World Heritage Sites under the name of the Persian Garden
Drive to Kashan (218 kilo meters). Stay overnight.
Iran UNESCO Sites Tour – Day 19
Visit Fin Garden, located in Kashan, Iran, is a historical Persian garden. It contains Kashan’s Fin Bath, where Amir Kabir, the Qajarid chancellor, was murdered by an assassin sent by King Nasereddin Shah in 1852. Completed in 1590, the Fin Garden is the oldest extant garden in Iran.
UNESCO declared the garden a World Heritage Site on July 18, 2012.
Stay overnight in Kashan.
Iran UNESCO Sites Tour – Day 20
Derive to Tehran (247 kilo meters). Visit Milad Towerthe sixth tallest tower in the world. Stay overnight.
Iran UNESCO Sites Tour – Day 21
Transfer to airport, Departure.
This tour covers these Iranian World Heritage Sites:
Armenian Monastic Ensembles of Iran
Bam and its Cultural Landscape
Masjed-e Jāmé of Isfahan
Sheikh Safi al-din Khānegāh and Shrine Ensemble in Ardabil
Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System
Tabriz Historic Bazaar Complex
Cultural Landscape of Maymand