ASTA IRAN TRAVEL GUIDE
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Naqsh-e Jahan (Imam Square) Travel Guide
Anything can happen in the Imam Square in Esfahan. Girls ask you for your name and they change it to Leila and start singing. Students being photographed while asking a thousand questions about Barcelona, tourists, carriages, mosaics, colors. It is the 2nd biggest square in the world. It was constructed by Shah Abbas I the Great in the early 17th century. In Farsi there is a game that says “Esfahan NESF-e jahan” meaning “Esfahan is half the world.” In addition to the gardens and fountains you can visit the treasures of the Safavid Empire: The amazing Qaysariyyeh door inviting you to go inside the grand bazaar, the Imam, the mosque and the palace of Ali Lotfollah qapu from the 15th century. It is said that the domes of some mausoleums and mosques are inspired by the shape of a tear. Lotfollah Mosque has the world’s most beautiful dome. It is beautiful. Everything you’d expect from a trip to Iran, you can find it in the square. Is the best time to visit? Well, forever. There are always people. Although I like to visit the buildings at sunset / evening to get the fifteen minutes that night still is not, nor is day and the sky is dark blue. White? Night? If you find all this in one place Imagine what the country has to offer! The Plaza was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1979 and you can take a virtual tour through the square through the UNESCO website.
Imam Khomeini’s Mausoleum in IRAN
One of the first places you most visit on your trip to Iran is the Mausoleum of Imam Khomeini, which as you may know was the founder of the Islamic Republic. It is situated on the outskirts of Tehran, but it is very easy to get there by metro (yes, yes, it works very well, and it is very safe). Lots of people usually gather there both during the day and also at night, whole families go there together to have something to eat. You can enter easily (it is enough for women to cover their hair with a scarf), and inside, although it is not particularly architecturally stunning, you can relax watching people praying, talking or just resting. It is the good thing about some mosques, that they are spaces for personal reflection, not only for ceremonies, allowing you to enjoy the place at your leisure. There are drinks and food stalls outside.
The IRAN Holy City of Qum Travel Guide
Iran is a country full of much nuance. Whoever can go to an Islamic country Iran is the place to be in contact with spirituality at all times as most places are for spiritual pursuits. One such place is the mountain of the green prophet, situated at one of the highest points in the city, people come from all over just to pray in a mosque which only allows about 4 people, who aren’t very tall, to enter. It is charged with a celestial energy that could not be compared with anything else, and it offers a breathtaking view of the desert. Iran is the country that the USA wants to destroy for being the closest to paradise.
Tabatabayis House Travel Guide
Kashan is an Iranian city that can be found between Isfahan and Tehran. The top tourist spot happens to be a restored merchant houses where you can see how it was, its architecture, windows, ventilation systems, bathrooms, etc.. The truth is that it is worth to come for a day to walk between the houses, most of them cost to enter, but it is very economical. Sometimes you can even be alone, enjoying the silence, and going up to the roof to see the rooftops of the city, an impressive sight. It seems that this city could be the starting point of the Magi. It is a city that has been very rich and prosperous, and in its day, and it was a playground for the Safavid kings according to history. You can get there to it by bus, very comfortable, economical and almost luxurious compared even with the Spanish transport system offered. This article will GUIDE you for your amazing TRAVEL to IRAN.
Qalat Travel Guide
Ghalat is a village where due to its buildings has a long back in history is a village which is located almost 20 km from Shiraz. The village is a mixture of gardens and some houses which are mostly built with roughly shaped stones plus mortar. The village enjoys in its vicinity an eye catching waterfall. The colorful fruit trees of the region have made the place an amazing destination for all the seasons. Recently, some coffeehouses and fast foods has been established there for the convenience of the visitors. Some agencies in the Shiraz operate tour to this destination.
Bam Travel Guide
Bam is situated in a desert environment on the southern edge of the Iranian high plateau. The origins of Bam can be traced back to the Achaemenid period (6th to 4th centuries BC). Its heyday was from the 7th to 11th centuries, being at the crossroads of important trade routes and known for the production of silk and cotton garments. The existence of life in the oasis was based on the underground irrigation canals, the qanāts, of which Bam has preserved some of the earliest evidence in Iran. Arg-e Bam is the most representative example of a fortified medieval town built in vernacular technique using mud layers (Chineh). This article will GUIDE you for your amazing TRAVEL to IRAN.
IRAN Rayen Castle Travel Guide
Rayen Castle is an adobe castle in hundred Kilometers south of Kerman province, Iran. It is situated on the skirts of the mountain Haraz. The medieval mudbrick city of Rayen is similar to the Arg-e Bam city which unfortunately was destroyed in an earthquake in December 2003. Rayen displays all the architectural elements of a deserted citadel. It is extremely well preserved, despite numerous natural disasters that have destroyed similar structures nearby, and it is one of the most interesting sites in Iran.Rayen Castle was inhabited until 150 years ago and, although believed to be at least 1,000 years old, may have foundations from the pre-Islamic Sassanid era. According to the old documents, it was situated on the trade route, and was one of the centres for trading valuable goods and quality textiles. It was also a centre of sword and knife manufacturing, and later on, also guns.existence of a waterfall near the city, the Haraz mountain with 4501 meters of altitude, many fruit gardens, the mines of green and pink marble, Sodium Solphate, and several thermal springs, it’s become and attractive touristic destination. During the reign of third Yazdgerd, the Sasanid King, Arabs could not conquer this city thanks to its high walls supporting the counterparts of the city.
The Borujerdi House is a historic house in Kashan, Iran.
The house was built in 1857 by architect Ustad Ali Maryam, for the wife of Seyyed Mehdi Borujerdi, a wealthy merchant. The wife came from the affluent Tabatabaei family, which Seyyed Mehdi fall in love with her and built this house for her.
It consists of a rectangular beautiful courtyard, delightful wall paintings by the royal painter Sani ol molk, and three 40 meter tall wind towers which help cool the house to unusually cool temperatures. It has 3 entrances, and all the classic signatures oftraditional Persian residential architecture, such as biruni yard (exterior yard) and daruni yard (andarun) (interior yard). The house took eighteen years to build using 150 craftsmen.
IRAN Museum of Zoroastrians History and Culture Travel Guide
The Markar Museum is located in a building dating back more than eighty years with magnificent and unparalleled architecture. The brick building was used as the dormitory for the students of the Markar boarding school and its architecture allows for maximum use of sunlight thus conserving energy at the highest level. The complex uses various traditional water supply methods like qanat, among others which are open to be visit in the museum. The traditional baths and toilet, open to visit in the courtyard of the complex, will get the visitors acquainted with the lifestyle of people of 80 years ago. The Museum of Zoroastrians History and Culture is situated in a basement suite. Initially, the visitors can learn about the history of the Markar complex along with the biography of its founder, Pashootan Ji Dusabhai Markar.This article will GUIDE you for your amazing TRAVEL to IRAN.
IRAN Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque Travel Guide
In place of the Imam, my eyes were trying to capture every detail of the dome of the mosque Sheikh Lotfollah. In the end I decided to just loose myself … Inside, I was hypnotized by the curves and turquoise floral arabesques. Here, everything is in harmony and geometry. The kind of place where you could stay for hours.
Tepe Sialk Travel Guide
Tepe Sialk is a large ancient archeological site located in a suburb of the city of Kashan,Isfahan Province, in central Iran, close to Fin Garden. The culture that inhabited this area has been linked to the Zayandeh River Culture.The Sialk ziggurat was built around the 3000 BC. A joint study between Iran‘s Cultural Heritage Organization, the Louvre, and the Institut Francais de Recherche en Iran also verifies the oldest settlements in Sialk to date back to 5500–6000 BC. Sialk, and the entire area around it, is thought to have originated as a result of the pristine large water sources nearby that still run today. The Cheshmeh ye Soleiman (“Solomon’s Spring”) has been bringing water to this area from nearby mountains for thousands of years. The Fin garden, built in its present form in the 17th century, is a popular tourist attraction. It is here that the kings of the Safavid dynasty would spend their vacations away from their capital cities. It is also here that Piruz Nahavandi (Abu-Lu’lu’ah), the Persian assassin of Caliph Umar, is buried. All these remains are located in the same location where Sialk is. This article will GUIDE you for your amazing TRAVEL to IRAN.
Shahre- Sukhte is an archaeological site of a sizable Bronze Age urban settlement, associated with the Jiroft culture. It is located in Sistan and Baluchistan Province, the southeastern part of Iran, on the beach of the Helmand River, near the Zahedan-Zabol road. In 2014 it was placed on the World Heritage List of UNESCO.The reasons for the unexpected rise and fall of the Burnt City are still wrapped in mystery. Artifacts recovered from the city demonstrate a peculiar incongruity with nearby civilizations of the time and it has been speculated that Shahr-e-Sukhteh might ultimately provide concrete evidence of a civilization east of prehistoric Persia that was independent of ancient Mesopotamia.
Davan is a village in Deris Rural District, in the Central District of Kazerun County,Fars Province, Iran. He distance of Davan to Shiraz is 168 kilo meters. In the Davani dialect it is pronounced : do’u At the 2006 census, its population was 601, in 178 families.
Davan in situated in a narrow valley at the foot of Mount Davān in the greater Zagros range. It is divided into upper maʿale and lower ma ale quarters. Some ruins dating from the Parthian and Sasanian periods are located approximately 4 km to the south of the village.
Davan is one of the oldest villages of Iran. It is located in south west of Fars Province in the Kazerun County, and also is surrounded by the Zagros Mountains. It has often been asserted that Davan was founded around 500 B.C. The fact that there is a fire temple which gives grounds for believing that its history can be traced back at least as far as Achaemenian Era. The Davani dialect is rooted in Iranian language which is considered to belong to the Indo-Iranian family of languages. This dialect is still one of the most pure ancient dialect in Iran. Davan is definitely behind Shahpor king Cave near Kazeroun City. The Sassanid Empire (also spelled Sasanid Empire, Sassanian Empire, or Sasanian Empire), known to its inhabitants as Ērānshahr and Ērān, was the last pre-Islamic Persian Empire, ruled by the Sasanian Dynasty from 224 to 651. The Sassanid Empire, which succeeded the Parthian Empire, was recognized as one of the two main powers in Western Asia and Europe, alongside the Roman Empire and later the Byzantine Empire, for a period of more than 400 years. The Empire was founded by Ardashir I, after the fall of the Arsacids and the defeat of the last Arsacid king, Artabanus IV. The Empire lasted until Yazdegerd III lost control of his empire in a series of invasions from the Arab Caliphate. During its existence, the Sassanid Empire encompassed all of today’s Iran, Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria, the Caucasus (Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaijan and Dagestan), southwestern Central Asia, part of Turkey, certain coastal parts of the Arabian Peninsula, the Persian Gulf area, and areas of southwestern Pakistan. The name for the Sassanid Empire in Middle Persian is Eran Shahr which means Aryan Empire. He vexilloid of the Sassanid Empire was the Derafsh Kaviani. This article will GUIDE you for your amazing TRAVEL to IRAN.
IRAN Shapur cave
Shapur cave is located in the Zagros Mountains, in southern Iran, about 6 km from the ancient city of Bishapur. This cave is near Kazeroon in Chogan valley, which was the site of polo, in the Sasanian era.
In the cave, on the fourth of five terraces, stands the colossal statue of Shapur I, the second ruler of the Sasanid Empire. The statue was carved from one stalagmite. The height of statue is 7 m. and its shoulders are 2 m. wide, and its hands are 3 m. long.
About 1400 years ago, after the invasion of Iran by Arabs and collapse of the Sasanid dynasty, this grand statue was pulled down and a part of one of its legs was broken. About 70 years ago, again, parts of his arms were also broken. The statue had been lying on the ground for about 14 centuries until 1957 when upon orders of Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi a group of his military men to raise it again on its feet and fix his foot with iron and cement. The project of raising the statue, building the roads from Bishapur to the area and paths in the mountain, stairs and iron fences on the route to the cave took six months in 1957.
The length of cave entrance is about 16 m., with a height of less than 8 m.Behind the statue, in the depth of the cave, are three ancient water-basins. At both sides of the statue, the rock-walls of the cave were prepared for reliefs by leveling, but the reliefs were never made. It is said that in addition to this giant statue of Shapur I, the tomb of this great man is also situated somewhere in this cave. Another legend— according to the local belief—indicates that Shapur, being defeated in a battle, ran into this cave and was lost ever since and his body/remains have never been recovered.
IRAN Vank Cathedral
Holy Savior Cathedral also known as Vank Cathedral and The Church of the Saintly Sisters, is a cathedral in Isfahan, Iran. Vank means “monastery” or “convent” in the Armenian language.
The interior is covered with fine frescos and gilded carvings and includes a wainscot of rich tile work. The delicately blue and gold painted central dome depicts the Biblical story of creation of the world and man’s expulsion from Eden.Pendentives throughout the church are painted with a distinctly Armenian motif of a cherub’s head surrounded by folded wings. The ceiling above the entrance is painted with delicate floral motifs in the style of Persian miniature. Two sections, or bands, of murals run around the interior walls: the top section depicts events from the life of Jesus, while the bottom section depicts tortures inflicted upon Armenian martyrs by the Ottoman Empire.The courtyard contains a large freestanding belfry towering over the graves of both Orthodox and Protestant Christians. A tile work plaque inscribed in Armenian can be seen by the entrance to the cathedral; graves are also placed along the exterior wall before the entrance, with inscriptions in Armenian. In one corner of the courtyard is a raised area with a memorial to the 1915 Armenian Genocide in Turkey. Across the courtyard and facing the cathedral is a building housing a library and museum; outside of this building are several carved stones showing scenes from the Bible.This article will GUIDE you for your amazing TRAVEL to IRAN.
Ameri historical house
The Ameri House, is a historic house in Kashan.
It was built during the Zand era for Agha Ameri, the governor of Kashan, who was responsible for maintaining the security of the route between Tehran and Kerman.
Covering an area of 9,000 square metres (97,000 sq ft), and housing seven courtyards, the ameri house is one of several large spectacular old houses in the central district of Kashan. Like the other houses around it, it was rebuilt in the 19th century, after the city was ravaged by a series of massive earthquakes in the 18th century.
The house is now a public museum, and is protected by Iran’s Cultural Heritage Organization.
Rudkhan Castle is a brick and stone medieval castle in north west Iran.
Located 25 km southwest of Foman city north of Iran in Gilan province, it is a military complex which had been constructed during the Sasanian era (224-651), and later rebuilt during the Seljuq era by followers of the Ismā’īlī sect. The castle is built on two tips of a mount, with an area of 2.6 hectares (6.4 acres). Its architects have benefited from natural mountainous features in the construction of the fort.
The Rudkhan Castle River originates in the surrounding heights and flows from south to north.
After crossing a mountainous winding route with dense forests, the first thing that one notices about the castle is its big entrance gate.
Rudkhan Castle sits at the two peaks of a mountain at elevations of 715 and 670 metres and contains strong fortifications and battlements at a length of 1,550 metres. The castle’s 42 towers still stand intact.
Alamut was a mountain fortress located in Alamut region in the South Caspian province of Daylam near theRudbar region in Iran, approximately 100 kilo meters from present-dayTehran.
Between 1090 and 1256 AD, under the leadership of Hasan-i Sabbah, Alamut became the site of intense activity for the Shi’a Nizari Ismai’lis of Persia, along with a smaller subgroup known as the Assassins in Syria, functioning as the headquarters of their state, which was in fact a series of unconnected strategic strongholds scattered throughout Persia (Iran) and Syria, surrounded by huge swathes of hostile territory (the Seljuq Empire). In 1256, Ruknu-d-Dīn Khurshāh surrendered the fortress to the invading Mongols, and its famous library holdings were destroyed. Sources on the history and thought of the Ismailis in this period are therefore lacking and the majority extant are written by their detractors.
After the Mongol destruction, the castle was of only regional significance, passing through the hands of various local powers. Today, it lies in ruins, but because of its historical significance, it is being developed by the Iranian government as a tourist destination.
Following his expulsion from Egypt over his support for Nizar bin Mustansir, Hasan-i Sabbah found that his co-religionists, the Ismailis, were scattered throughout Iran, with a strong presence in the northern and eastern regions, particularly in Daylaman, Khorasan and Quhistan. The Ismailis and other occupied peoples of Iran held shared resentment for the rulingSeljuqs, who had divided the country’s farmland into iqtā’ (fiefs) and levied heavy taxes upon the citizens living therein. The Seljuq independent rulers mostly held full jurisdiction and control over the districts they administered. Meanwhile, Persian artisans, craftsmen and lower classes grew increasingly dissatisfied with the Seljuq policies and heavy taxes. Hasan too, was appalled by the political and economic oppression imposed by the Sunni Seljuq ruling class onShi’i Muslims living across Iran. It was in this context that he embarked on a resistance movement against the Seljuqs, beginning with the search for a secure site from which to launch his revolt.This article will GUIDE you for your amazing TRAVEL to IRAN.